Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identification number issued by the Indian government to every individual resident of India.
Aadhaar captures the following information about the person to whom the number is issued:
- Demographic information: Name, Date of Birth (verified) or Age (declared), Gender, Address, Mobile Number (optional) and Email ID (optional)
- Biometric information: Ten Fingerprints, Two Iris Scans, and Facial Photograph.
Aadhaar is guaranteed to be unique, due to biometric information capture. The risk of duplicates or fakes is minimal!
Aadhaar enables ‘identity as a service’, i.e. with this 12-digit number, you can prove your identity to any service provider in India, instantaneously. This is done by a biometric based authentication. Biometric information is not shared with the service provider in this process.
Aadhaar is devoid of any intelligence and does not profile people based on caste, religion, income, health and geography. The Aadhaar number is a proof of identity, however, it does not confer any right of citizenship or domicile in respect of an Aadhaar number holder.
The Aadhaar database is secured with the latest encryption technologies. It is not connected to the internet, further increasing security. Till date, there is no reported incident of the Aadhaar database being compromised.
You can learn more about Aadhaar here: